Forty best international and Australian academics and researchers including myself have written to the Therapeutics Goods Administration in support of an application to make low concentrations of nicotine designed for utilization in e cigarettes (“vaping”).
In Australia, it is actually illegal to possess or use nicotine other than in tobacco or nicotine-replacement products, as nicotine is classified in the Poisons Standard as a Schedule 7 “dangerous poison”.
Since the primary addictive element of tobacco smoke, nicotine is area of the problem. However, this may also be portion of the solution. Using clean nicotine in e-cigarettes provides smokers with an alternative way to get the nicotine which they are addicted minus the tobacco smoke that triggers many of the harm from smoking.
In addition to delivering nicotine, e-cigarettes replicate several main reasons of the “smoking experience”. This can include the hand-to-mouth movement and also the sensory and social facets of the habit of smoking that smokers so often miss whenever they make an effort to quit.
How harmful is nicotine?
The health effects of nicotine are relatively minor. It is far from a carcinogen and does not cause respiratory disease. It offers only relatively minor effects on the heart, including short-lived rises in heart rate and blood pressure levels, constriction of coronary arteries and an increase in the contracting of the heart muscle.
Nicotine in pregnancy harms the baby’s developing brain and lungs and reduces growth. It is also damaging to the adolescent brain, delays wound healing and increases insulin resistance. There exists some evidence in laboratory studies that nicotine may promote existing cancers.
However, when separated through the toxins in tobacco smoke and found in its pure form, there is little proof long-term harm from nicotine exposure in humans outside pregnancy and adolescence.
Research has found the health risks from vaping are unlikely to get greater than 5% of the potential risk of smoking, and may be substantially less than this. As the majority of vapor cigs users are smokers or recent ex-smokers, this represents an enormous health benefit for those who move to vaping.
The effect of vaping on bystanders is also thought to be negligible. E-cigarettes release lower levels of nicotine and minimal amounts of other chemicals into the ambient air. The expired vapour dissipates quickly with no significant health hazards to bystanders.
Recent studies have found nicotine is far less toxic than previously thought. Many cases of intentional overdose with nicotine solutions lead to prompt vomiting and full recovery.
Similarly, accidental poisoning in children typically causes mild negative effects. Serious outcomes are rare. Most child poisoning with nicotine can be prevented with good sense, childproof packaging and warning labels, much like other potentially toxic medicines and cleaning products located in the home.
Overseas experience has demonstrated e-cigarettes usually are not a gateway to smoking for younger people. Although adolescents are testing e-cigarettes, regular use by non-smokers is rare. The fantastic most of adolescents use nicotine-free e-cigarettes.
Actually, the evidence suggests e-cigarettes are acting as being an “exit gateway” and they are displacing smoking. It is actually obviously better for young people to not use e-cigarettes, but vaping is far better smoking.
Smokers who are attempting to lessen the health problems from smoking are utilizing e-cigarettes almost exclusively as being a safer substitute for combustible tobacco. After ten years of overseas’ experience, there exists xocplg evidence e-cigarettes are renormalising smoking, are undermining tobacco control or are used to any significant extent for temporary, not permanent, abstinence (for example, in places in which you can’t smoke).
Why nicotine ought to be legalised
Paradoxically, current Australian laws ban a less harmful form of nicotine intake (e-cigarettes) while allowing the widespread sale of the very most lethal kind of nicotine intake (cigarettes). In spite of the legal restrictions and difficulties of access, electronic cigarette use continues to be growing rapidly within australia.
Amending the Poisons Standard would allow smokers who are unable or unwilling to stop smoking to legally access low concentrations of nicotine for harm reduction. It is also legally used in nicotine-replacement therapies like patches, so just why not e-cigarettes?
Regulation underneath the Australian Consumer Law would improve product safety and quality, restrict sales to minors and ensure child-resistant containers and appropriate advertising. It might also remove the black market and also the risks associated with it.
A recent study estimated over 6 million European Union citizens used e-cigarettes to give up smoking. In the united kingdom, 1.3 million ex-smokers are using an e-cigarette. Similarly, chances are hundreds of thousands of Australians will give up smoking tobacco using e-cigarettes if nicotine is legally available.