In Canada and around the world, legal cannabis producers face many challenges: Numerous government regulations, high security necessities and a lack of reliable information on how to cultivate their crops.

Growing cannabis has become illegal for a lot of years that scientific research regarding how to best produce this crop has limitations. Most of the knowledge concerning how to grow cannabis lacks validation, is clouded in secrecy and it is mostly linked to hidden and illegal production facilities of the past.

In comparison, researchers have been improving production practices for other crops, including medicinal plants, for decades, developing a large body of scientificaly-validated information.

With changing government regulations in Canada, as well as the many medicinal benefits associated with cannabis grow consultant, it really is time and energy to move the legal cannabis plant production industry in to the realm of high-tech laboratories and scientific practices.

We have to search through accumulated grower knowledge, while publicly documenting and improving production practices. Evidence-based research may help growers produce more consistent, high-yielding and high-quality products and help inform policy makers as they regulate this industry.

As researchers who study how to produce high-value plants (e.g. medicinal, nutraceutical, edible and ornamental plants) under controlled environments – including indoor medical cannabis – we believe this may require collaborative research among cannabis growers and researchers.

Our lab at the University of Guelph is one of the best on earth for horticulture research, particularly for controlled-environment plant production. In recent years, we have now been applying this knowledge to our own collaborations with legal cannabis growers. With legalized recreational cannabis use on the horizon in Canada, more licensed growers are trying to find this type of expertise.

Current state of cannabis production

Growing cannabis can be quite a lucrative business. Spending on legal cannabis in North American medicinal and recreational markets is projected to achieve US$21.6 billion by 2021.

In Canada, there are currently 73 authorized licensed medical cannabis producers, the majority of them large-scale producers. With all the recreational use and sale of cannabis scheduled for legalization in our country the coming year, it ymfaab foreseeable that lots of more large-scale producers will enter the market.

In the past, indoor cannabis production was largely confined to smaller-scale operations. Under these conditions, growers accumulated enormous degrees of knowledge and experience. But much was kept as trade secrets and most still must be scientifically validated.

Even in today’s modern medicinal cannabis production facilities, growers are often reliant on online forums – so-called “grow guides” – and advice from salespeople for information on crop production. Without proper training, it can be difficult to tell fact from fiction.