Principle of fiber optics will depend on transmission of data by way of light. Idea of fiber optics was first conceived by Claude Chappe in 1790’s. His idea for OTDR was depending on an optical telegraph concept introduced by Graham Bell also tried the means to send information with the atmosphere but failed to succeed. Finally, fiber optics emerged with the start of new era depending on the principle of total internal reflection which is actually a distinct quality of light rays.

Fiber optics emerged and grew into more complex phase on account of requirement from radio and telephone engineers. These engineers required more bandwidth for data transmission. Thus these engineers have been looking out for any medium to deliver data in more reliable and faster form instead of copper cables. In addition they desired to steer clear of the hazards of electric shocks and interference that had been a constant problem of copper cables.

Fiber optics had attracted some attention mainly because they were analogous in theory to plastic dielectric waveguides employed in certain microwave applications. Finally a technology evolved that used glass or plastic threads to deliver data. Cables involved in fiber optics contain several bundles of glass threads which are capable of transmitting data in modulated form.

Together with the start of fiber optics and fiber optic cables data started to transfer faster as fiber optic cables have greater bandwidth than metal cables and they are more proof against external interference. Lighter and thinner fiber optic cables readily transfer data in digital form rather than analogue form. This technology is very useful in computer industry which now forms a fundamental part of telephone, radio and television industry.

Telecommunications applications of fiber instrument use flexible low-loss fibers, utilizing a single fiber per optical path. In addition to the communication industry fiber optics plays a crucial role in ff8Od1 and industrial applications also. Many medical appliances like endoscope make use of the principle of fiber optics. Industrial applications viz. in television industry use the principle of fiber optics to have flattened images in cathode ray tubes.

Fiber optics yield distortion free data transmission in digital form. The audio waves transmitted via principle of fiber optics deliver accurate signal transfer. Fiber optics is additionally valuable in automotive and transportation industry. Traffic lights, organized and scrutinized highway traffic control, automated toll booths, etc. are one of the benefits of use of fiber options inside the transportation mechanism.

Cable TV companies and Internet Service Providers equivocally find fiber optics indispensable in their industry. Fiber optics provides tamper free, high bandwidth and larger data carrying ability to the providers. This eventually leads to better consumer satisfaction.

Unlike copper wire system fiber optics will not use and electrical form to transport data. The use of light provides a competitive edge to fiber optics over regular data transmission options. But eventually usage of fiber is extremely expensive as compared to copper cabling system.